AskDefine | Define predicate

Dictionary Definition



1 (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula; "`Socrates is a man' predicates manhood of Socrates"
2 one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements [syn: verb phrase]


1 make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition; "The predicate `dog' is predicated of the subject `Fido' in the sentence `Fido is a dog'"
2 affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of; "The speech predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President" [syn: proclaim]
3 involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic; "solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well" [syn: connote]

User Contributed Dictionary


Etymology 1

From Middle French predicat (French prédicat), from post-classical praedicatum ‘thing said of a subject’, a noun use of the neuter past participle of praedicare ‘proclaim’, as Etymology 2, below.


  • /ˈprɛdɪkət/


  1. The part of the sentence (or clause) which states something about the subject.
    In "The dog barked very loudly", the subject is "the dog" and the predicate is "barked very loudly".
  2. A statement that may be true or false depending on the values of its variables.
  3. An operator or function that returns either true or false.

Etymology 2

From the participle stem of praedicare, from prae- ‘pre-’ + dicare ‘proclaim’.


  • /ˈprɛdɪˌkeɪt/


  1. To announce or assert publically.
  2. In the context of "transitive|logic}} To state, assert.

Extensive Definition

Predicate or predication may refer to:
predicate in Czech: Predikát (rozcestník)
predicate in German: Prädikat
predicate in Spanish: Predicado
predicate in Esperanto: Predikato
predicate in Ido: Predikato
predicate in Dutch: Predicaat
predicate in Portuguese: Predicado
predicate in Slovak: Predikát
predicate in Finnish: Predikaatti

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

IC analysis, advance, affirm, affirmance, affirmation, allegation, allege, announce, announcement, annunciate, annunciation, appositive, argue, assert, assertion, assever, asseverate, asseveration, attribute, attributive, aver, averment, avouch, avouchment, avow, avowal, bottom, complement, conclusion, construction modifier, contend, creed, cutting, declaration, declare, deep structure, depose, dictum, direct object, enunciate, enunciation, establish, express, filler, form-function unit, found, function, ground, have, hold, immediate constituent analysis, indirect object, insist, ipse dixit, issue a manifesto, lay down, levels, maintain, manifesto, modifier, object, phrase structure, pose, posit, position, position paper, positive declaration, postulate, predication, proclaim, proclamation, profess, profession, pronounce, pronouncement, propose, proposition, propound, protest, protestation, put, put it, qualifier, ranks, rest, say, say-so, saying, set down, set forth, shallow structure, slot, slot and filler, speak, speak out, speak up, stance, stand, stand for, stand on, state, statement, stay, strata, structure, subject, submit, surface structure, syntactic analysis, syntactic structure, syntactics, syntax, tagmeme, underlying structure, utterance, vouch, word, word arrangement, word order
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